Ornamentation in the architectural tradition of regions in Indonesia (or in any part of the world as well) is firmly rooted to the culture and way of life of citizens in a place. Because the ornamentation is usually a collection of symbols from various world views and beliefs of the indigenous local communities. Ornamentation in traditional architecture, as building construction system and the values embodied in architecture, is the acculturation of the various architectural culture contact with the local community.
In an essay I wrote about the architecture of East Java, I know that the traditional architecture of East Java has a relationship with the architecture of other areas such as Madura, other islands in Indonesia and other cultures around the world, most people will never imagined that such relationship could occur in the past. East Java architecture can be linked with the architecture of Japanese, the Philippines, Micronesia, and even with the South American.
An extreme example is the existence of a relationship of the architectural form of temple “Sukuh” in Solo in Central Java with the architecture of Mayan pyramids culture in the South American. Architectural form of the temple is not found in other temples in Java, Nusantara and Asia. It is amazing that this type of architecture is only found in south America. This is a strong possibility of relationship between Java and South America in the past.
Eclectic architecture, and if it can be represented as architectural phenomenon that has happened in the past, many interpret as an election, independently of various elements in architectural design. The existence of this method when used naively may reduce the value of architecture who produced it, in terms of cultural preservation of archipelago (Nusantara) architecture. How do we connect the European architecture that is used in homes with Indonesian architectur? A quick question that the answer is not simple, can be solved by using the term eclectic architecture as a temporary answer.
Ornamented culture that existed from earlier times in the archipelago (Nusantara) architecture combined with materialism, hedonism, and the desire to show the economy’s ability to build, is a phenomenon related to cultural / social / economy and is supported by an eclectic architecture as a method to realize the quasi desires.
The fact that some parties use different types of architecture that had nothing to do with the traditional architecture of Indonesian architectural culture is an obvious example that tradition still plays an important role, namely as part of the ornamentation of traditional architecture, found its modern form through acculturation or adoption of other architectures such as ornamented architecture of European Classics and Mediterranean architecture.
Actually it is possible to use an eclectic method as the method that is more traditional-looking design, when implemented by combining eclectic architectural elements that are not far from the traditional elements of the existing architecture. This type of architecture may be more acceptable in the context of preservation of tradition. Eclecticism that comes from the local culture can become a new form of a more contemporary tradition by combining the various elements of traditional architecture with new architectural elements, which can bring the traditional architecture to a higher level that is acceptable in the modern world.
by Probo Hindarto
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